9-year-old Arun Kumar* was a quiet but active kid who used to play football after school hours in Seawoods, Navi Mumbai. Gradually, he started experiencing itching and stickiness in his eyes particularly in the morning. Soon, his mother noticed his eye problems and booked an appointment with eye doctor at Advanced Eye Hospital Institute (AEHI) located at Sanpada, Navi Mumbai based on her friend’s recommendation.
A detailed eye check-up was conducted for Arun at AEHI. His vision and eye pressure were normal. He was then taken to the cornea specialist for further evaluation.
Dr. Vinayak Damgude, a Cornea & Cataract specialist, examined Arun’s eyes. He noticed presence of active large papillae on the tarsal conjunctiva, the area around the cornea called limbus showed swelling and there was mild diffuse congestion of the conjunctiva. Dr. Damgude diagnosed him with Vernal Conjunctivitis.
Dr. Vinayak prescribed him few lubricating eye drops and other anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory eye drops. He was asked to follow up after one month. He was also advised to avoid dust and dirt. He further counselled Arun’s mother to do cold compresses for him 2-3 times per day.
Vernal conjunctivitis is inflammatory eye disease, which occurs in both eyes. It is mostly seasonal though in some cases it can be perennial. The exact cause is still unknown. Symptoms of this comparatively rare eye disease are itching, light sensitivity, mucous discharge and common presence of large cobblestone papillae on conjunctiva and limbus. It usually affects children and young adults. In some cases, allergy tests can be helpful to find the offending cause. Often this allergic eye disease co-exists with other allergic diseases like asthma, skin allergies etc.
If Vernal conjunctivitis is not controlled and managed effectively, there are several other eye problems can happen like astigmatism due to frequent eye rubbing, damage to cornea due to persistent surface inflammation and in some cases all these things can lead to severe reduction of vision.
During follow up sessions, Arun showed improvement and the disease went into a quiescent stage. He was advised to continue with anti-allergic eye drops and follow-up as and when symptoms reoccur.
Vernal conjunctivitis is a chronic eye disease and needs to be managed aggressively given the potential risk of other serious complications. Any child who is suffering from allergic eye disease like Vernal conjunctivitis can follow these eye care tips:
- Use of sunglasses, and hats with visors should be used whenever exposed to sunlight.
- Regular washing of eye, hands and face.
- Application of cold compress over the eyes
Dr. Vinayak A Damgude (MBBS, MS, Fellowship in Cornea) is a Cornea, Cataract Consultant and General Ophthalmologist at Advanced Eye Hospital near Vashi, Navi Mumbai. He regularly treats children and adults with eye problems affecting the ocular surface and cornea like eye allergies, dry eyes, corneal infections, corneal degenerations and dystrophies. Consult Dr. Vinayak A Damgude by booking an appointment.
About Advanced Eye Hospital and Institute:
Advanced Eye Hospital and Institute in Navi Mumbai is one of the best eye hospitals in Mumbai. Outpatient areas and operation theatres are state-of-art and equipped with the best diagnostic and surgery machines. Personalised care, infection free modular operation theatres and beautiful ambience compliment the cutting-edge eye care offered at AEHI. Besides treating patients from Kharghar, Nerul, Vashi and Panvel, patients from all over western India travel to AEHI for world class eye care management.